Our Research and Publications


Peer reviewed articles:


Moss M. Effects of Molybdenum on Pain and General Health: A Pilot Study. J Nutr Env Med 1995; 5: 55-61


l4 people graded their aches and pains and general health for 28 days. They then took either up to 5OOmcg of molybdenum as amino acid chelate, per day, or placebo, for the next 28 days, while they continued their records. The groups were crossed over for the third 28 day period. Their aches and pains improved on molybdenum significantly at the O.O5 level. Their general health improved on molybdenum, significantly at the O.O25 level. Suggestions for categories of people who may benefit from molybdenum are made, including those with arthritis, candida albicans infection, alcoholism, anaemia, and chemical and electromagnetic sensitivity.

Suggestions for further research are made. Combination of molybdenum with other nutrients is suggested, together with possible dietary alterations.

Key Words: molybdenum, pain, arthritis, osteoarthritis, riboflavin, vitamin B2, candida albicans, chemical sensitivity, alcoholism.

Moss M, Freed DLJ. Survival Trends, Coronary Event Rates, and the MONICA Project (letter). Lancet 1999; 354 (9181): 862


Purpose : To determine whether there is a significant relationship between the consumption of alcohol , purines and boron , and the incidence of irritable bowel syndrome or frequent diarrhoea.

: Statistical survey of diets.

Materials and Methods
: 120 individuals, seeking help with chronic health problems, were assessed for their intake of purines, alcohol and boron, which are dietary items that use body stores of vitamin B2 and molybdenum. They stated whether they had irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or frequent diarrhoea. The proportions with different types of diet who had symptoms were compared. The group was extended to 578 individuals, and the calculations repeated cartier replica, both for the whole group, and for males and females separately. Statistical significance was assessed, using a chi-squared test

Results : In all three groups, those with higher intakes of alcohol, purines and boron had a higher prevalence of IBS or frequent diarrhoea. The relationship was found to be significant.

Conclusions : Reducing alcohol, purines and boron in the diet of patients with IBS or chronic diarrhoea may be a cost-effective treatment. A randomized study would be helpful to assess the results of such an intervention.

Moss M. Does Milk Cause Coronary Heart Disease? J Nutr Env Med 2002; 12(3): 207-16


Purpose: To investigate the evidence linking coronary heart disease (CHD) deaths with milk consumption, and the evidence against such a link.

Design: Literature-based review, together with some statistical analysis.

Materials and Methods: Analysis of data from a Medline search and standard statistical sources.

Results: Several studies have been published showing a high positive correlation between milk consumption in different countries and rates of death a few years later from CHD. One investigation showed that countries which reduced milk consumption later had reduced rates of CHD death, while the only country studied which increased its milk consumption had an increased rate of CHD death. A variety of possible reasons for a link between milk and CHD have been suggested. On the other hand, several studies of smaller groups of people suggest that milk does not correlate with CHD. These studies have serious weaknesses. In no case was there any attempt to find the total exposure to milk, in all foods and drinks. In some studies, age and social class were ignored. One study, widely quoted as showing that CHD is not caused by milk consumption, was actually concerned with strokes. However, CHD deaths are negatively correlated with deaths from strokes. The Masai drink much milk, but it is fermented. They do have atherosclerosis but rarely die of CHD because of the large lumen of their arteries, and probably because few live long enough. A reason why affluent countries tend to have a higher incidence of CHD may be that people susceptible to CHD are the same as those susceptible to infection. In poorer countries, they tend to die of infection before they would have died of heart disease. These susceptible people may be those with clinical or subclinical degrees of hypothyroidism.

Conclusions: Milk consumption does appear to be strongly related to CHD death in communities where susceptible people live long enough. Research into the diets of large numbers of people could usefully be preceded by sampling the questions on a subgroup to determine if the data collected will give accurate information on total milk consumption. A randomized controlled study on the effects of a milk-free diet on people with angina would be worthwhile.

Moss M, Freed D. The Cow and the Coronary: Epidemiology, Biochemistry and Immunology. Int J Cardiol 2003; 87: 203-216


Background: Certified death rates from coronary heart disease (CHD) are positively correlated country-by-country with milk consumption, particularly with that of the non-fat portion of milk. CHD death is also associated with circulating antibodies against milk fat-globule membrane (MFGM), raising the possibility that milk intake might be a specific risk factor for CHD. We studied the epidemiology and immunology of milk to see if the association is causal.

Methods: We plotted the intake of various foods country-by-country against CHD death rates to see if they were correlated in space and/or in time. We prepared fluorescein-tagged human antibodies against bovine MFGM to see if they showed any auto-reactivity against human tissue.

Results: Milk showed a positive correlation with CHD death rates in both space and time ( r >0.9 in some cases). Beef was not correlated and cheese was negatively correlated, though not strongly. Wine was strongly negatively correlated replica watches. Human anti-bovine MFGM antibodies bind to human large granular lymphocytes and also to human platelets, causing aggregation.

Conclusions: We suggest that non-fat aspects of milk, particularly the Ca/Mg ratio, lactose and MFGM antigens, have specific coronary atherogenic effects, both biochemical and immunological, and the simultaneous attack from these three directions may explain why this foodstuff has such a strong effect. Wine appears to be an antidote for the harmful effects of milk.

Moss M, Waring RH. The Plasma Cysteine/Sulphate Ratio: a Possible Clinical Biomarker. J Nutr Env Med 2003; 13(4): 215-229


Purpose: To explore the possible manifestations of abnormal levels of either cysteine or sulphate, whether high or low, and the ratio between them, in human subjects.

Design: A case-control study of the plasma cysteine and sulphate levels and cysteine/sulphate ratio in chronically ill patients.

Materials and Methods: Eighty-one chronically ill patients of a nutrition clinic were suspected of having abnormal levels of sulphate and/or cysteine. Their plasma was checked to determine their cysteine and sulphate levels and cysteine/sulphate ratio. These were compared with the results of 177 controls. They were grouped according to their results, and their symptoms were listed.

Results: Only one patient had a ratio within the reference range, whereas 175 of the controls did. Patients already being treated with relevant nutritional supplements at the time of testing were less likely to have a ratio over 1000. Some close relatives shared abnormal test results, but manifested different symptoms.

Conclusion: Patients with chronic conditions including myalgic encephalomyelitis, irritable bowel syndrome, migraine, arthritis, multiple chemical sensitivity and depression are likely to benefit from tests for cysteine and sulphate, and from treatment designed to improve these levels.

Oral fish oil, vitamin B2, pantothenate and molybdenum, and Epsom salt baths may help patients with low sulphate. Vitamins B2 and B6, zinc and magnesium, and a low protein diet may reduce high cysteine levels. N-acetyl cysteine, zinc and vitamin C may help those with low cysteine levels. Patients with abnormal levels of sulphate might be counselled against working in polluted conditions, where efficient sulphate conjugation is required, and against using pesticides. They might be advised to be cautious in their use of drugs, and possibly vaccines too. Further work is suggested, to investigate to what extent abnormalities in cysteine and sulphate levels are genetically determined, and to test the efficacy of the treatments outlined, both at improving the cysteine and sulphate levels, and health.

Moss, Margaret (2007) ‘Drugs as anti-nutrients’, DOI: 10.1080/13590840701352740. J Nut Env Med 2007; 16(2):149-166


Purpose: To collate evidence on nutrient deficiencies caused by drugs.

Design: Search of Medline and other databases, and published literature.

Materials and methods: Medline, Scirus and Google Scholar databases, journal articles and books.

Results: There is evidence that many drugs, medicinal or recreational, produce deficiencies in vitamins, minerals, fatty acids and / or amino acids. Some drugs cause multiple deficiencies. They may reduce conversion of vitamins to their active forms, or inhibit the production of important metabolites. By killing beneficial bacteria in the gut, they may cause vitamin deficiency. They may reduce absorption, or cause excretion of nutrients.

Conclusions: Many drugs have been identified, which appear to cause deficiencies in essential nutrients and their metabolites. Nutrients could be prescribed with drugs, to limit the damage done, provided that this does not undermine the action of the drugs. Further research is needed to confirm the results of those studies that have been carried out, and to find out about nutrient depletion from new drugs.

Not peer reviewed:


  1.   Moss M. Arthritis: A Nutritional Approach. Functional Nutrition 2003; 2(2): 6-9
  2.   Moss M. Dr. Stephen Seely, 1909-2004. J Nut Env Med 2004; 14(4): 333-4.
  3.   Moss M. Are Allergy Tests Useful? (letter) J Nut Env Med 2004; 14(4): 337-8.
  4.   Moss M. If You Don’t Eat Right, You Won’t Feel Happy. Mental Health Occupational Therapy 2007; 12(2): 57-61.
  5.   Moss M. When and How Should Calcium Be Supplemented? BMJ Online Rapid Response. 23.8.10.
  6.   Moss M, Downing D. British Society for Ecological Medicine Winter Meeting November 2007: Fats and Membranes. BSEM Newsletter 2010; 19: 14-21.
  7.   Moss M. Appropriate Use Of Nutritional Supplements. BMJ Online Rapid Response. 28.4.11.
  8.   Moss M. Does Red Meat Reduce Cholesterol levels? Archives of Internal Medicine Reader’s Reply. 2.5.12.
  9.   Moss M. Health Hazards of Sugars. BANT Newsletter. 39. Aug 2012.
  10. Moss M. Lectins. BANT Newsletter. 43. Dec 2012.
  11. Moss M. Responding to the Catastrophe at Fukushima. BANT Newsletter. 49. June 2013.

Book and Software Reviews by Margaret in Journal of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine:


  1.   Moss M. Book Review: Reviews in Food and Nutrition Toxicity Vol. 1. JNEM March 2005; 15(1): 35-6.
  2.   Moss M. Book Review: Nutrition and the Eye. JNEM March 2005; 15(1):  37-8.
  3.   Moss M. Book Review: European Nutrition and Health Report. JNEM March 2005; 15(1): 39-40.
  4.   Moss M. Book Review: Statistics in Medicine 2nd JNEM June/September 2005; 15(2/3): 163-4.
  5.   Moss M. Book Review: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America: Asthma triggers. JNEM June/September 2005; 15(2/3): 165-6.
  6.   Moss M. Book Review: Handbook of Drug-nutrient Interactions. JNEM December 2005; 15(4): 223-4.
  7.   Moss M. Software Review: Drug-Nutrient Workshop. JNEM December 2005; 15(4): 225-7.
  8.   Moss M. Book Review: Reviews in Food and Nutrition Toxicity Vol.2. JNEM 2007; 16(1): 85-6. DOI: 10.1080/13590840601016254.
  9.   Moss M. Book Review: Feeding During Late Infancy and Early Childhood. JNEM 2007; 16(1): 87-89. DOI 10.1080/13590840601016262.
  10. Moss M. Book Review: Nutritional Health: Strategies for Disease Prevention, 2nd JNEM 2007; 16(1): 90-91. DOI: 10.1080/13590840601016304.
  11. Moss M. Book Review: White Lies. JNEM 2007; 16(1): 92-3. DOI: 10.1080/13590840601102633.
  12. Moss M. Book Review: Reviews in Food and Nutrition Toxicity Vol.3. JNEM 2008; 17(1): 90-2. DOI: 10.1080/13590840801972868.
  13. Moss M. Book Review: Reviews in Food and Nutrition Toxicity Vol.4. JNEM 2008; 17(1): 93-5. DOI: 10.1080/13590840802037547.
  14. Moss M. Book Review: Allergic Diseases and the Environment. JNEM 2008; DOI: 10.1080/13590840802168656.
  15. Moss M. Book Review: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics Vol. 96: Prevention of Coronary Heart Disease: From the Cholesterol Hypothesis to ω6/ω3 Balance. JNEM 2008; DOI: 10.1080/13590840802168664.

Short Articles by Margaret in V Magazine:


    1.    Moss M. Why is Diet Advice So Confusing? May 2005: 62-3.
    2.    Moss M. Eat Your Way to Better Health. June 2005: 24.
    3.    Moss M. Typically Tropical. July 2005: 25.
    4.    Moss M. Food for Thought. August 2005: 21.
    5.    Moss M. Something Fishy. September 2005: 22.
    6.    Moss M. The Chemistry of Happiness. October 2005: 22.
    7.    Moss M. It’s All in the Mix. November 2005: 22.
    8.    Moss M. How to Have a Really Happy Christmas. December 2005: 22.
    9.    Moss M. All in a Day’s Work. January 2006: 22-3.
    10.  Moss M. It Would be Great to be a Gran. February 2006: 22-3.
    11.  Moss M. Why Can’t I Eat Wholemeal Bread? March 2006: 23.

Short Articles by Margaret in Foods Matter magazine or on website: (to read these articles, Google “Foods Matter, Margaret Moss”)


    1.   Moss M. Profound Sensitivity to Chemicals, Foods and Electromagnetic Radiation. December 2004.
    2.   Moss M. The Many Faces of IBS. July 2006.
    3.   Moss M. Oh My Poor Head – Migraine and Nutrition. October 2006.
    4.   Moss M. Margaret Moss Takes Issue with the Glycaemic Index. October 2006.
    5.   Moss M. Using Nutrition Safely. January 2007.
    6.   Moss M. Does Old Age Have to be Horrible? April 2007.
    7.   Moss M. I Can’t Drink Milk. How Can I Replace The Nutrition It Provides? September 2007.
    8.   Moss M. I Can’t Eat Wheat. How Can I Replace The Nutrition It Provides? October 2007.
    9.   Moss M. If I Can’t Eat Eggs, Am I Going to be Short of Something? November 2007.
    10. Moss M. Why Do I Have ME and Multiple Chemical Sensitivity? What Can I Do About It? June 2008.
    11. Moss M. Radio Waves and Deaf Children. November 2008.
    12. Moss M. Lectins. September 2009.
    13. Moss M. Sulphates and Sulphites. November 2009.
    14. Moss M. How to Prevent Asthma and Other Allergies and Sensitivities. October 2010.
    15. Moss M. Fats Matter. August 2011.
    16. Moss M. Molybdenum. August 2011.
    17. Moss M. There is No Such Thing as a Good Diet for Everyone. March 12.
    18. Moss M. The Cow and the Coronary. January 2013.
    19. Moss M. A Healthy Covering Inside and Out. June 2013.
    20. Moss M. Joint Allergy Research Foundation and Allergy Academy meeting. Food Intolerance – Whose Problem is It? December 2013.
    21. Moss M. Things You May Not Know About Foods. December 2013.
    22. Moss M. What do They Add to My Food? March 2014.

Other Short Articles by Margaret:


    1.   Moss M. Why Does Food Make People Ill? Cahoots 52; April-July 1995.
    2.   Moss M. Feeding Developing Brains and Bodies. Cahoots 58; October 1996-January 1997.
    3.   Moss M. Allergy Tests and Hyena disease. BSAENM Newsletter; May 2001: 10(1): 12-13.
    4.   Moss M. A Tale of Two Students. BSAENM Newsletter; May 2002: 11(1): 12.
    5.   Moss M. Nutritional Therapy, What is it All About? Body and Soul; Autumn 2003: 14.
    6.   Moss M. Leaky Guts and Foggy Brains. Candida Digest; April-June 2004:2-3.
    7.   Moss M. An Infuriating Patient. BSEM Newsletter; May 2006: 15(1): 9-12.
    8.   Moss M. What Can Be Achieved Quickly, With Little Money. BSEM Newsletter; October 2007.
    9.   Moss M. Case Discussion: Vitamin A Toxicity. The Nutrition Practitioner. Autumn 2007.
    10. Moss M. Ready for Your Close-up: Spinach. Optimum Nutrition. Spring 2008: 39.
    11. Moss M. Enough is Better than a Feast. BSEM Newsletter; May 2008: 17(1): 6-8.
    12. Moss M. How to Stop Coronary Heart Disease Safely. BSEM Newsletter; February 2010: 19(1): 9-10.
    13. Moss M. Iatrogenic Whooping Cough – Lysine Works But Why? BSEM Newsletter 2010; 19(2): 9-13.
    14. Moss M. Total Load Versus the Totality of Our Protection. BSEM Newsletter; February 2011: 20(1): 9-10.
    15. Moss M. Obituary: Dr. David Freed. BSEM Newsletter; October 2011: 20(2): 9-11.
    16. Moss M. Pitfalls in Nutritional Supplementation; BSEM Newsletter; October 2011: 20(2): 14-16.
    17. Moss M. Nutritional Notes to Freed D. Intriguing Case 14 – Gouty Arthritis [Part 3]. BSEM Newsletter; October 2011: 20(2): 17-19.
    18. Moss M. Book Review: Textbook of Functional Medicine. BSEM Newsletter; October 2011: 20(2): 20-21.
    19. Moss M. Book Review: How Statin Drugs Really Lower Cholesterol and Kill You One Cell at a Time. BSEM Google Group. December 2013.
    20. Moss M. Comment on Castro M, King TS, et al. Effect of Vitamin D3 on Asthma Treatment Failures in Adults with Symptomatic Asthma and Lower Vitamin D levels. BSEM Newsletter; July 2014.
    21. Moss M. Diet in Relation to Disease. BSEM Newsletter; April 2015.

Short articles by Margaret on Watchfit website: (to read these articles, Google “Watchfit, Margaret Moss”)


    1.   Moss M. Foods that Decrease Inflammation and Those that Cause it. November 2014.
    2.   Moss M. What is a Vegan Diet? Some Issues to Think About. December 2014.
    3.   Moss M. Is Milk Bad For You? December 2014.
    4.   Moss M. Is there a Connection Between Diet and Arthritis? February 2015.
    5.   Moss M. Does Diet Affect Candida? February 2015.
    6.   Moss M. A Healthy 5 Factor Diet. February 2015.
    7.   Moss M. Are Nutritional Supplements Good or Bad for You? It Depends what you Choose. February 2015.
    8.   Moss M. Why is My Food Not Digesting Properly? March 2015.
    9.   Moss M. This is the Food Not to Eat if you are Pregnant. March 2015.
    10. Moss M. What Foods are High in Vitamin E? May 2015.
    11. Moss M. They Say Obesity Causes Cancer, but I’m Not so Sure. May 2015.
    12. Moss M. The Connection Between Low Vitamin D and Cancer, Multiple Sclerosis and Other Diseases We Want to Avoid. May 2015.
    13. Moss M. A List of Common Allergy Triggers. June 2015.
    14. Moss M. Prevention is Better than Cure. June 2015.
    15. Moss M. Is Meat Good or Bad for You? Nov 2015.

Also many short articles for the newsletter of the Society for Environmental Therapy, the Food and Mood Newsletter, etc.

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